They also have DIY toilets and prosecution thereof.
ETA: AND it turns out the ad revenue didn't pan out. Police objected to the toilets until the time per session was reduced to 10 minutes. Now, the problem is keeping them working, basically, and getting more of them.
ETA: Here's a blast from 2008, in which Saletan asserts that India will have eliminated open defecation by ... 2012.
Yeah. That didn't happen.
Mostly it's about how you shouldn't have to pay to eliminate.
But here's some stuff about India and public toilet maintenance issues.
Transparency laws got costs associated with public toilets in Cardiff:
They were thinking of pop ups there, too.
More numbers here:
Found some more about the water conservation/drought issues in California and how that is interacting with street cleaning in the state.
(Possible alternative? http://inhabitat.com/poop-scoop-robot-keeps-streets-clean-by-automatically-picking-up-dog-poo/ I am NOT SERIOUS HERE!!!)